Debunked : “Getting motivated!”

There are only 2 ways all living beings are being motivated.

1) we are motivated TO AVOID pain/discomfort/unpleasant things (these are called ‘aversive’) and

2) we are motivated TO GET pleasure/wonderful things/things that make us feel good (these are called ‘appetitive’).


From your horses’ point of view : unfortunately he/she just sees a whip.

Or the (‘carrot-‘)stick.


Which path (of training) do you choose (for your horse)?

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